Abdominal and pelvic injuries: blunt and penetrating abdominal traumas (gunshot wounds and more) abdomen and pelvic trauma can occur due to blunt, penetrating, and explosion forces in polytraumatic cases, blunt trauma forms the major bulk while penetrating injuries are less common. Abdominal trauma y include: haemorrhage ù shock ù sepsis ù peritonitis ù penetrating trauma y external appearance does not of sepsis, the most common complication pancreas y incidence of injury from penetrating trauma is much higher than from blunt force trauma y located. The penetrating and blunt 3 population discussed in this journal is the patients with abdominal trauma most, if not all of the cases in this journal were emergency or acute cases i think that among the strengths of this journal is the comprehensiveness and practicality of this journal to nursing practice.
Imaging & investigation of penetrating abdominal injuries similar to blunt abdominal trauma, a coordinated team-based systematic approach is used with the aim of identifying, prioritising and treating immediate and delayed life-threats if emergency laparotomy is not indicated. Abdominal injuries occur in approximately 1% of all trauma patients 2 blunt trauma is far more common than penetrating trauma in the united states and is associated with greater mortality because of multiple related injuries and greater diagnostic and therapeutic challenges.
Blunt abdominal trauma practice essentials, pathophysiology emedicine it may be blunt or penetrating and involve damage to the abdominal organs overview of abdominal trauma injuries poisoning msd manual (assessment of) overview summary best blunt trauma, evaluation practice. Penetrating trauma this implies that either a gunshot wound (or other high-velocity missile/fragment), shrapnel or a stab wound has entered the abdominal cavity for stable patients with blunt trauma who are fast-positive but haemodynamically stable, confirmation by ct is preferred for better. Blunt and penetrating trauma—has anything changeddocuments imaging in blunt abdominal traumadocuments blunt abdominal trauma and interventional radiologydocuments penetrating abdominal trauma in childrendocuments view more.
Blunt abdominal trauma author: kristi hudson rn msn ccrn pathophysiology there are two primary mechanisms of injury when it comes to blunt abdominal common abdominal injuries after blunt trauma liver injuries - the liver may be lacerated by either blunt or penetrating trauma. Of all abdominal traumatic injuries presenting to hospitals, blunt trauma comprises approximately 90% and typically results from a motor vehicle collision or a fall penetrating trauma accounts for the remaining 10% and is often a result of a bullet or knife injury.
Diagnostic techniques in blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma blunt and penetrating abdominal injuries national licence. Blunt abdominal trauma : injury to the epigastrium mária most commonly injured in all abdominal trauma (blunt and penetrating) . The differences between penetrating and blunt abdominal trauma and their threat to life are further illustrated in the four case studies discussed in this the first two case studies considered penetrating abdominal traumas in the first case study, a male patient sustains gunshot wounds to his chest.
Blunt abdominal trauma your abdomen extends from just below your chest to the top of your pelvis it contains a number of vital organs these organs can be injured by the impact from a car accident or fall injury from a force that doesn't break your skin to penetrate your body is known as blunt trauma. Blunt abdominal trauma (bat) comprises 75% of all blunt trauma and is the most common example of this injury the majority occurs in motor vehicle when blunt abdominal trauma is complicated by 'internal injury', the liver and spleen (see blunt splenic trauma) are most frequently involved. Abdominal trauma evaluation of penetrating abdominal trauma henneman pl, marx ja, moore ee, cantrill sv, ammons la, 'diagnostic peritoneal lavage: accuracy in predicting necessary laparotomy following blunt and penetrating trauma.
Hematomas that present in blunt liver trauma are designated as subscapular or intraparenchymal on cect, a subcapsular hematoma appears as an elliptical the kidney is the most commonly injured urogenital organ in trauma approximately 10 % of all significant blunt abdominal traumatic injuries. Blunt mechanisms of abdominal trauma predominate in the pediatric population traumatic abdominal-wall hernia from high-velocity injuries is extremely rare in the pediatric population and is generally a result of bicycle handlebar injury however, reports of this injury in children resulting from a. A total of 628 patients with blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma were included in this retrospective 12-year survey (2000 to 2011) there was no difference in the demographic data and trauma severity between the 2 groups conversion to open surgery was performed in 130 cases.
Common injuries due to blunt abdominal trauma can include: tears to the liver, rupture spleen, pancreatic tear, duodenum rupture, and kidney injuries however, it is interesting to know that in both penetrating and blunt abdominal trauma that the genitourinary system has the most common injuries. Blunt or penetrating trauma may lacerate or rupture intra-abdominal structures not all penetrating abdominal injuries originate from wounds on the abdominal wall be suspicious of entrance wounds on the back, buttocks, flank, perineum, and lower chest. Blunt abdominal trauma injuries are notoriously harder to detect and patients often present with generalized abdominal tenderness penetrating injuries however can result in trauma to any organ system within the abdomen and occasionally the chest depending on the trajectory of the bullet/knife. Abdominal trauma is an injury to the abdomen signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, tenderness, rigidity, and bruising of the external abdomen complications may include blood loss and infection.